While the situation with the Zika virus is still evolving, there is a real danger in blaming a lone virus for any problem. It is not unlike the obfuscation of the real problem with Polio, where a single enterovirus (there are many) took the blame for a paralysis that would not have been possible if the population had not been well applied with DDT.
While that assessment of the Polio epidemic may be controversial, the cases of non-poliovirus caused Acute Flaccid Paralysis climb in parts of the world that apply pesticides with abandon. I wrote about this in the paper: AD, AFP, ALS and DDT published last year (http://journalijcar.org/sites/default/files/issue-files/0151.pdf)
The existence of the Zika virus has been known for many decades, but all of a sudden it has become a big problem? And a vaccine waits in the wings? Those are two red flags right there. How about the red flag that Brazil, ground zero for the crisis, uses more pesticides than perhaps any other country in the world – many of them banned in other countries?
Those who manufacture pesticides, the agro-chemical mob, are a particularly nasty group – they were the ones who made sure attention was diverted from DDT so that Polio would be blamed on a single enterovirus named the poliovirus. It is probably safe to assume that, knowing that they were causing a massive outbreak on microcephaly, by deliberately pumping a toxic larvicide into the public water supply; they needed to blame something other than their product. The Zika virus became the foil.
According to the Canadian Broadcast Corporation, large numbers of babies with borderline normal head sizes were born in Brazil at least as far back as 2012, two years before the Zika virus is thought to have entered the country.
“Pediatric cardiologist Dr. Sandra Mattos had been collecting data on 100,000 newborns in the Brazilian state of Paraiba as part of her work studying and treating congenital heart disease.
“We were very, very surprised,” Mattos said. Babies with mild microcephaly were present in the population dating back to at least 2012.
Mattos said the data analysis also confirmed the number of severe microcephaly cases increased starting in October or November of 2014.
‘We have to deal with an unknown enemy.’ – Dr. Sandra Mattos
Lingering questions remain, including why more than 80 per cent of suspected microcephaly cases are confined to Brazil’s northeast region. And why has microcephaly not appeared in other Latin American countries with similar climates, such as among the 2,100 pregnant women infected with Zika in Colombia?
In Berlin, epidemiologist Dr. Christoph Zink has been charting publicly available data from the Zika virus outbreak in terms of when cases appeared, the geographic distribution and the continuous microcephaly epidemic.
‘I soon got the idea that blaming the Zika virus for this epidemic does not really get to the point,’ Zink said.
Zink suspects there was massive under-reporting of microcephaly in Brazil in the last five years. He proposes another potential explanation for the recent concentration of severe microcephaly cases in the northeast.
‘I would ask my toxicological colleagues in Brazil to please look very closely into the practical application of agrochemicals in their country,’ Zink said.”
Up your nose with some pesticides
“I think we jumped a little bit too fast into Zika,” Mattos is now saying….
The playbook worked so well on Polio, that even today 99.99999% of the population alive today has no idea that enteroviruses require a toxic co-factor before they can cause paralysis. It is just so easy to blame some nasty little virus as the sole problem, and given there is no epidemic of microcephaly in Suriname, or Columbia where the Zika virus is endemic, this whole Zika emergency is just another crime brought to us by the argo-chemical cartel. But unlike what took place in the USA over a half-century ago…. a lot of people are wise to the old playbook.
Case in point, a physician group Doctors from the Brazilian Association for Collective Health (ABRASCO) has come forward with the truth – that, “A dramatic increase of congenital malformations, especially microcephaly in newborns, was detected and quickly linked to the Zika virus by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. However, they fail to recognise that in the area where most sick persons live, a chemical larvicide producing malformations in mosquitoes has been applied for 18 months, and that this poison (pyroproxyfen) is applied by the State on drinking water used by the affected population.
From the ABRASCO Press Release:
“The Brazilian doctors (ABRASCO) are claiming that the strategy of chemical control is contaminating the environment as well as people, that it is not decreasing the amount of mosquitoes, and that this strategy is in fact a commercial manoeuvre from the chemical poisons industry, deeply integrated into Latin American ministries of health as well as WHO and PAHO.
“Since the second half of 2014, the Brazilian Ministry of Health(5) stopped using temephos (an organophosphate agrotoxic to which Aedes larvae became resistant) as larvicide, massively incorporating the poison Pyroproxyfen, commercially known as Sumilarv and manufactured by Sumimoto Chemical, a Japanese company associated to or subsidiary of Monsanto in Latin America (1,5). The spatial distribution by place of residence of mothers of children born with microcephaly shows a higher concentration in the poorest areas of Northeastern Brazil, with poor urbanisation and inadequate sanitation. Large areas of Recife and other cities in Northeastern Brazil, with intermittent water supply, led these communities to store water at home in an unsafe manner, due to the inadequate protection of tanks intended for human consumption, leading to very favourable conditions for the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, by creating a breeding ground which should not exist and that can be mechanically removed.(1)
“Pyroproxyfen is applied directly by the Brazilian Ministry of Health on drinking-water reservoirs used by the people of Pernambuco, where the proliferation of the Aedes mosquito is very high (a situation similar to the Pacific Islands).(6) This poison, recommended by the WHO, is a growth inhibitor of mosquito larvae, which alters the development process larva-pupa-adult, thus generating malformations in developing mosquitoes and causing their death or incapacity. It is analogous to the insect juvenile hormone or juvenoids, which has the effect of inhibiting the development of adult insect characteristics (for example wings, mature external genitalia) and the reproductive development, maintaining an “immature” aspect (nymph or larvae), which means that it acts by endocrine disruption and that is teratogenic.
“Malformations detected in thousands of children from pregnant women living in areas where the Brazilian state added pyriproxyfen to drinking water is not a coincidence, even though the Ministry of Health places a direct blame on Zika virus for this damage, while trying to ignore its responsibility and ruling out the hypothesis of direct and cumulative chemical damage caused by years of endocrine and immunological disruption of the affected population. Doctors from the Brazilian Association for Collective Health (ABRASCO) demand that urgent epidemiological studies taking into account this causal link be carried out, especially when among 3,893 cases of malformations confirmed until January 20, 2016, 49 children have died and only five of them were confirmed to have been infected with Zika(1).
“Many policy-makers, even PAHO and OMS, epidemiologists, public health experts, chemists and politicians in general easily forget that human beings, every one of us, have deployed embryonic development processes in which we go through very different stages. The evolution from zygote to embryo, from embryo to foetus and from foetus to newborn, is not far from the development process of the mosquito affected by pyriproxyfen. They also very easily try to ignore that in humans, 60% of our active genes are identical to those of insects such as the Aedes mosquito. And it is much more confusing when they are “advised” by experts from Foundations and chemical insecticides companies (for ex.: Fundación Mundo Sano and Chemotecnica), or when decision makers from the Ministry of Health are former employees of global companies manufacturing and selling poisons for “domestic purposes.” Brazil fumigates against adult Aedes using Malation, a carcinogenic organophosphorate compound according to WHO. Paraguay acquired thousands of tonnes of clorpyriphos in order to kill mosquitoes, although we know that clorpyriphos affects the developing brain of foetus and newborns. In Argentina, vector “control” is carried out using pyrethroids, which is a little less toxic but banned in Europe because of its effect on people.
“For doctors in ABRASCO, the problem is that behind these decisions we find the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization, holding ‘Pesticides’ committees that maintain no dialogue with the environmental, sanitation and health promotion committees. In these agencies, the committees prescribing the use and regulation of the purchase of supplies for vector control for the entire world are imperial. It is these agencies who convince and endorse the tendering processes for national governments.(1)
“How to face these diseases The hegemonic strategies for facing these diseases spread by mosquitoes and multiplied by poverty, lack of sanitation, excreta, lack of safe water, are vertical intervention programs, while chemical poisons (larvicides and adulticides) demobilize the population by relying on the success of the poison’s properties, which in turn makes them sick, kills the natural predators of mosquitoes and generates the need for repeated applications that only benefit the chemical poisons companies.
“A vast amount of independent scientific data shows how this strategy is defective and that it is only useful for taking photographs of the rulers in office. Community-based strategies including social participation and mobilisation yield better results against the impending epidemic.(7,8,9) The steps that lead to defeating the disease are linked to social justice and equity. Clearly, the social sectors affected by Dengue and Zika are the poorest and most deprived of services and rights.
“In some very specific moments, massive aerial spraying over inhabited areas might be advisable, but their effects are limited only to decreasing the amount of adult mosquitoes during 2-3 days, which can be useful when colder days arrive (note that the Aedes mosquito is immobilised and does not reproduce nor feed with temperatures below 23 °C.)
“Controlled applications around houses in the first case (focus control) are useful to decrease the progress of the epidemic, but massive sprayings over entire cities requires an analysis of health costs (damage to human health and the ecosystem) vs health benefits (control and mitigation of the epidemic), which cannot be justified in any “sanitary” way, despite being used by governments and the hegemonic press to simulate that measures are taken to defend the health of people.
“Our experience from the Dengue epidemic in Cordoba in 2009, in which we had direct participation, shows that the distribution of cases corresponds to the same distribution of infant mortality in 2007 and the distribution of the population with higher unmet basic needs, namely: lack of housing, jobs, education and health.
“Mass spraying is not the solution to a problem; it’s merely generating a business within a problem.
“New strategy: GM mosquitoes (new business)
“Within this framework, there is a new health intervention strategy in Brazil, which they will try to expand to the entire region: GM mosquitoes.
“The English company Oxitec sells male GM mosquitoes, supposedly in order to decrease the Aedes population. A lethal gene is inserted in those mosquitoes, which is transmitted to the offspring, causing death to larvae if it is not blocked by an antibiotic (tetracycline).
“The goal is that millions of male mosquitoes are released to mate with wild females, so that their eggs result in larvae which dies spontaneously.(10,11) The business is to sell those lab mosquitoes to governments, and then people need to “protect” those mosquitoes because, supposedly, it is neither necessary nor advisable to remove the sites where mosquitoes breed.
“Currently in Brazil nearly 15 million GM mosquitoes have been released, and the failure is complete. Where field tests were carried out, less than 15% of larvae were transgenic, that is to say… wild females are not accepting the English mosquito from Oxitec. The response: increasing the release in poor areas. (10)
“Also, we must take into account that the biology of the disease shows that the female only “stings” when it’s pregnant and generating eggs after being fertilised by a male; it does it in that state and only then, because it needs blood components in order to develop the eggs. So, if millions of male mosquitoes are released, there will be many more fertilised females looking to suck the blood of mammals, thus increasing the spreading of the disease from infected people to healthy people!
“In the face of the Zika threat, mass sprayings in Mercosur The governments of Mercosur are causing alarm with the threat of Zika and microcephaly, proposing “more of the same.” The agribusiness is offering the services of the “Soya Air Force” to be used for spraying over cities and villages.(12)
“Monoculture, the massive use of pesticides, deforestation, destruction of flora and fauna, ecological imbalance, climate change, inequality, those factors are not considered as a cause of the problem. To social inequality, these epidemics will add health inequalities, and governments with their chemical attacks will generate environmental inequality.
1- nota técnica e carta aberta à população Microcefalia e doenças vetoriais relacionadas ao
Aedes aegypti: os perigos das abordagens com larvicidas e nebulização química – fumacê. Janeiro de 2016. GT Salud y Ambiente. Asociación Brasileña de Salud Colectiva. ABRASCO.
- Hennessey M, Fischer M, Staples JE. Zika Virus Spreads to New Areas — Region of the
Americas, May 2015–January 2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016;65(Early
Release):1–4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6503e1er
- Duffy MR1, Chen TH, Hancock WT, Powers AM, Kool JL, Lanciotti RS, Pretrick M, Marfel M , Holzbauer S, Dubray C, Guillaumot L, Griggs A, Bel M, Lambert AJ, Laven J, Kosoy O,Panella A, Biggerstaff BJ, Fischer M, Hayes EBZika virus outbreak on Yap Island,Federated States of MicronesiaN Engl J Med.2009 Jun 11;360(24):2536-43. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0805715.
- Oehler E, Watrin L, Larre P, Leparc-Goffart I, Lastère S, Valour F, Baudouin L, MalletHP, Musso D, Ghawche F. Zika virus infection complicated by Guillain-Barré syndrome –case report, French Polynesia, December 2013. Euro Surveill. 2014;19(9):pii=20720.
Available online: http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId= 07202.
- Sumitomo Chemical and Monsanto Expand Weed Control Collaboration to
Latin America. Sumimoto Chemical News Release December 09, 2014.
- Orientações técnica para utilização do larvicida pyriproxyfen (0,5 G) no controle de
Aedes aegypti. Ministério da Saúde.
- Caprara, Andrea et al. “Entomological Impact and Social Participation in Dengue Control: A Cluster Randomized Trial in Fortaleza, Brazil.” Transactions of the RoyalSociety of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene109.2 (2015): 99–105. PMC. Web. 3 Feb.2016.
- Espinoza-Gomez, F, H Moises, and R Coll-Cardenas. “Educational Campaign versusMalathion Spraying for the Control of Aedes Aegypti in Colima, Mexico.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 56.2 (2002): 148–152. PMC. Web. 3 Feb. 2016.
- Andersson, Neil et al. “Evidence Based Community Mobilization for DenguePrevention in Nicaragua and Mexico (Camino Verde,the Green Way): ClusterRandomized Controlled Trial.” BMJ : British Medical Journal351 (2015): h3267. PMC Web. 3 Feb. 2016.
- Helen Wallace. Mosquitos Genéticamente Modificados: Preocupaciones actuales. TWN Biotechnology & Biosafety Series No. 15. Rapal Uruguay. Web. 3 Feb 2016.
- Genewatch UK. Marzo 2015. Mosquitos Genéticamente Modificados de Oxitec: ¿Un enfoque creíble para abordar el problema del dengue?. Web 03 Feb 2016. http://www.genewatch.org/uploads/f03c6d66a9b354535738483c1c3d49e4/Mosquitos_ Gen_ticamente_Modificados_de_Oxitec.pdf
- La Nación. Alistan unos 135 aviones para fumigar Mercosur. Web 3 feb 2016.
mercosur/ February 3, 2016, Production Team REDUAS, Coordinator Dr. Medardo Avila
 The pyroproxyfen being used (as recommended by WHO) is manufactured by Sumimoto Chemical, a Japanese subsidiary of Monsanto